Question 1


[Stephen Kumalo asks his wife for the money.]

*Tixo – God

1.1.1 Describe the differences between the landscapes where Stephen Kumalo and James Jarvis live (TWO differences for EACH character’s landscape). (4)

1.1.2 Refer to lines 1–4 (‘How can I … such a thing?’).

(a) Why did the Kumalos want to send Absalom to St. Chad’s? (1)

(b) Choose the correct answer to complete the following sentence. Write only the letter (A–D) next to the question number (1.1.2(b)) in the ANSWER BOOK.
Absalom goes to Johannesburg to …
A further his studies.
B become a priest.
C look for Gertrude.
D visit his uncle. (1)

1.1.3 Refer to lines 5–6 (‘He is in … not come back’).

(a) Identify the tone that Mrs Kumalo uses in these lines. (1)
(b) Why is Mrs Kumalo’s tone appropriate in these lines? (1)

1.1.4 Refer to lines 8–10 (‘You have opened … we shall go’).

(a) Identify the figure of speech in these lines. (1)
(b) Explain what Stephen Kumalo means in these lines. (2)
(c) What do lines 9–10 (‘And Tixo alone … we shall go’) suggest about Stephen Kumalo’s beliefs? (2)

1.1.5 Stephen and John Kumalo are brothers; however, they are very different in character.
State ONE difference between the characters of Stephen and John Kumalo. (2)

1.1.6 Absalom’s background contributes to his actions when he is in Johannesburg. Do you agree? Discuss your view. (3)



[Stephen Kumalo and James Jarvis speak for the first time.]

1.2.1 Why does Stephen Kumalo go to the house of Smith’s daughter? (1)

1.2.2 Explain why the following statement is FALSE:

While in Johannesburg, James Jarvis stayed with Smith’s daughter. (1)

1.2.3 What does Stephen Kumalo mean by ‘the heaviest thing … your years also’ (lines 1–2)? (2)

1.2.4 Discuss what this extract reveals about James Jarvis’ character? (2)

1.2.5 Give TWO examples of how James Jarvis assists the community of Ndotsheni after the death of his son. (2)

1.2.6 Refer to line 19 (‘How did you know me?’).

How does Stephen Kumalo know James Jarvis? (1)

1.2.7 Explain what eventually happens to Absalom after the judge’s verdict is given. (2)

1.2.8 Migration is one of the themes of this novel. Discuss the impact of migration on the Kumalo family. (3)

1.2.9 Discuss the suitability of the title of the novel, Cry, the Beloved Country. (3)


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