Question 4

The flow diagram below shows how an alcohol (compound P) can be used to prepare other organic compounds. The letters A to E represent different organic reactions. X, Y and Z are organic compounds.

4.1 Is compound P a PRIMARY, SECONDARY or TERTIARY alcohol? Give a reason for the answer. (2)

4.2 Write down the type of:
4.2.1 Elimination reaction represented by A (1)
4.2.2 Addition reaction represented by B (1)
4.2.3 Elimination reaction represented by D (1)

4.3 Sodium hydroxide is used as one of the reactants in reaction C.
4.3.1 What type of reaction takes place here? (1)
4.3.2 State the TWO reaction conditions for this reaction. (2)
4.3.3 Write down the IUPAC name of compound X. (2)

4.4 Write down the FORMULA of an inorganic reactant needed for reaction D. (1)

4.5 Using STRUCTURAL FORMULAE, write down a balanced equation for reaction E. (3)

4.6 Write down the IUPAC name of compound Z. (1)


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